The Turner Prize is a contemporary art award that was set up in 1984 to celebrate new developments in contemporary art. It is awarded each year to ‘a British artist under fifty for an outstanding exhibition or other presentation of their work in the twelve months preceding'.
The artists are (in alphabetical order): Laure Prouvost, Tino Sehgal, David Shrigley and Lynette Yiadom-Boakye. Now in its 29th year, the annual award, presented to a contemporary artist under the age of 50 with an outstanding exhibition of work, has come a long way since its early controversies. This year the exhibition will be on show in at Ebrington in Derry-Londonderry as part of the UK City of Culture 2013 (23 October 2013-5 January 2014). The winner is announced at an awards ceremony on Monday 2 December 2013. It will be the third time the prize has been held outside Tate Britain in London since its inception in 1984, having been held in Liverpool in 2007 and The Baltic, Gateshead in 2011. It will be the third time the prize has been held outside Tate Britain in London since its inception in 1984, having been held in Liverpool in 2007 and The Baltic, Gateshead in 2011.
The members of the Turner Prize 2013 jury are:
Annie Fletcher, Curator of Exhibitions, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven Susanne Gaensheimer, Director of Frankfurt's Museum of Modern Art
Declan Long, writer and lecturer at National College of Art and Design, Dublin
Ralph Rugoff, Director of Hayward Gallery, London;
The jury is chaired by Penelope Curtis, Director of Tate Britain.
Over the recent decades the Turner Prize has played a significant role in provoking debate about visual art and the growing public interest in contemporary British art in particular, and has become widely recognised as one of the most important and prestigious awards for the visual arts in Europe. The prize was founded by a group called the Patrons of New Art. They were formed in 1982 to help buy new art for the Tate Gallery's collection, and to encourage wider interest in contemporary art. The Patrons wanted a name associated with great British art. They chose J.M.W. Turner (1775-1851) partly because he had wanted to establish a prize for young artists. He also seemed appropriate because his work was controversial in his own day.